GMRS-V1 GMRS Transceiver with Scanning Receiver User Manual GMRS-V1x BTECH (BaoFeng Tech)
BTECH (BaoFeng Tech) GMRS Transceiver with Scanning Receiver
Copyright © 2016 by BTECH All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law. For permission requests, write to the publisher. Contributions taken from: Miklor.com Resource Site, and Jim Unroe, KC9HI. Used by permission. All rights reserved. THANK YOU FOR YOUR PURCHASE OF THE GMRS-V1. THIS GMRS RADIO (WITH UHF/VHF SCANNER CHANNELS) WILL DELIVER YOU SECURE INSTANT RELIABLE COMMUNICATION. PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE USE i Table of Contents Part I. Getting started Chapter 1. - Initial setup Safety Information Features and Functions What's in the box Assembly Antenna Belt clip Battery Charging and battery maintenance Charging Battery Maintenance Chapter 2. - Getting to know your radio The main display Battery Level Indicator Status LED Side key 1 / [F] 11 14 16 17 17 17 ii Side key 2 / [M] VFO / MR – How to Switch Dual Push-To-Talk Numeric keypad 18 18 19 19 Pound # Key Star * Key Zero 0 Key Menu and function keys 20 20 21 21 Accessory jack 23 Chapter 3. - Basic Use 24 Turning the unit on Turning the unit off Adjusting the volume 24 25 25 Power and volume 24 Making a call Channel selection 26 26 Frequency Scan Only (VFO) mode Channel (MR) mode 26 28 Chapter 4. - GMRS Information and FCC Declaration GMRS-V1 30 iii GMRS Repeaters FCC NOTICE AND DECLARATION FCC LICENSE REQUIRED FOR GMRS OPERATION GMRS Frequency Chart, Channel Guide 30 30 31 32 Part II. Advanced topics 33 Chapter 5. - Working the menu system 34 Chapter 6. - Scanning 36 Time operation Carrier operation Search operation 37 37 37 Basic use Using Short-cuts Scanning modes SKIP Scanning Channels Tone Scanning Scanning for CTCSS and DCS Tones/Codes 34 35 36 37 38 38 Chapter 7. - Dual Watch 41 Chapter 8. - DTMF 43 iv Chapter 9. - Selective calling 45 Chapter 10. - Customization 51 Chapter 11. – Programming Scanning Channels 55 CTCSS DCS Tone-burst 46 48 49 Display Single or Dual PTT Display Sync Power-on message 51 52 53 54 Manual programming Adding Scanning Channels 55 56 Computer programming 56 Appendix A. - Troubleshooting 58 Appendix B. - Menu definitions 59 Appendix C. - Technical specifications 70 GMRS-V1 v General Transmitter Receiver DCS table CTCSS table 70 71 72 72 75 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 1 Part I. Getting started Part one covers the basic setup and use of your hand-held two-way transceiver. C HAPTER 1 INITIAL SETUP C HAPTER 2 G ETTING TO KNOW YOUR RADIO C HAPTER 3 B ASIC U SE C HAPTER 4 GMRS INFORMATION AND FCC D ECLARATION 2 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Chapter 1. - Initial setup Safety Information The following safety precautions should always be observed during operation, service and repair of this equipment. • Qualified technicians shall service this equipment only. • Do not modify the radio for any reason. • Use only BTECH supplied or approved batteries and chargers. • Do not use any portable radio that has a damaged antenna. If a damaged antenna comes into contact with your skin, a minor burn can result. • Turn off your radio prior to entering any area with explosive and flammable materials. • Do not charge your battery in a location with explosive and flammable materials. • To avoid electromagnetic interference and/or compatibility conflicts, turn off your radio in any area where posted notices instruct you to do so. • Turn off your radio before boarding an aircraft; any use of a radio must be in accordance with airline regulations or crew instructions. • Turn off your radio before entering a blasting area. • For vehicles with an air bag, do not place a radio in the area over an air bag or in the air bag deployment area. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 3 • • Do not expose the radio to direct sunlight over a long time, nor place it close to heating source. When transmitting with a portable radio, hold the radio in a vertical position with the microphone 3 to 4 centimeters away from your lips. Keep antenna at least 2.5 centimeters away from your body when transmitting. If you wear a radio on your body, ensure the radio and its antenna are at least 2.5 centimeters away from your body when transmitting. Exposure To Radio Frequency Energy Your BTECH radio is designed to comply with the following national and international standards and guidelines regarding exposure of human being to radio frequency electromagnetic energy: - United States Federal Communications Commission, Code of Federal Regulations: 47 CFR part 2 sub-part J - American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) C95. 1-1992 - Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineer (IEEE) C95. 1-1999 Edition - National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) of the United States, Report 86, 1986 - International Commission on Non-lonizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) 1998 To control your exposure and ensure compliance with the occupied or controlled environment exposure limits, transmit no more than 50% of the time. The radio generates measurable RF energy exposure only when transmitting. 4 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Features and Functions • • • • • • • • • • • • GMRS Transceiver & UHF/VHF Scanner High Capacity Lithium-Ion battery 50 CTCSS tones and 346 (Normal and Inverted) DCS codes. Alarm function. High low power, selectable. Function beep on the keyboard. Frequency step (for scanner): selectable from: 2.5K | 5.0K | 6.25K | 10.0K | 12.5K | 20.0K | 25.0K | 50.0K Battery saving function Scan mode Built in CTCSS/DCS tones PC programmable. Cross-band reception. GMRS-V1 • • • DTMF encoder. Broadcast FM receiver 65-108 MHz VOX (voice activated transmit). • • • • Up to 128 named memory channels. Tri Color Display Dual watch / Dual reception. Transmission time-out timer. • • • • • Busy channel lock out LED flashlight. Ten (10) levels of Squelch adjustment. “Roger Beep”. Keypad lock VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 5 What's in the box This transceiver comes shipped with the following items in the box: • GMRS-V1 Radio Body • 1800mAh Lithium-Ion battery pack • Antenna • Desk charger (With wall-wart) • Optional belt clip • Optional wrist-strap • Dual PTT Earpiece 6 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Assembly Before the radio is ready for use we need to attach the antenna and battery pack, as well as charge the battery. Antenna This transceiver is fitted with a Male SMA connector. To mount your antenna (Female SMA connector), align the two connectors and turn clockwise until it stops. • • • • • Do not over-tighten your antenna to avoid damage to the connectors. When installing the antenna, don't grip it by the top. Grip by the base and turn. If you use an external antenna, make sure the SWR is about 1.5:1 or lower to avoid damage to the transceiver. Do not hold the antenna with your hand while transmitting. Never transmit without an antenna. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 7 Belt clip At the back of the radio there are two parallel screws mounted above the battery, remove these and thread them through the holes on the belt clip as you screw them back into the radio body. Do not use any form of glue to fix the screws on the battery clip. The solvents in the glue may cause damage to the battery casing. Battery Before attaching or removing the battery make sure your radio is turned off by turning the power/volume knob all the way counter-clockwise. Installation Make sure the battery is aligned in parallel with the radio body with the lower edge of the battery about 1-2cm below the edge of the radio. Once aligned with the guide-rails, slide the battery upward 8 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP until you hear a click as the battery locks in place. Removal To remove the battery: press the battery releases on the sides of the battery pack as you slide the battery downward. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 9 Charging and battery maintenance Charging Battery should be fully charged before initial use. Optimum battery efficiency will be achieved after the three full battery charge and discharge cycles. Follow these steps to hook up and use the charger: 1. Plug the DC connector of the power adaptor into the charger base. 2. Plug the AC connector of the power adaptor into a main AC wall outlet. 3. Place the radio in the charging slot on the charger. 4. Make sure the radio is making contact with the charger. When the red LED comes on steady, your radio is charging. 5. The radio is fully charged once the charger's green status LED goes steady. Please remove the radio at that time to avoid over-charging your battery. 10 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Table 1.1. Charger LED codes Red LED Green LED Status Flashing Flashing Standby (charger empty) or charge complete Steady Off Charging Off Steady Charge complete. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 11 The charger and battery are fitted with matching notches so that you can charge your battery on its own! Practical if you have two batteries. That way you can charge one battery while still using your radio. Radio should be turned OFF during charge cycle Battery Maintenance The battery for your radio comes uncharged from the factory; please let it charge for at least four to five hours before you start using your radio. • Use only batteries approved by the original manufacturer. • Never attempt to disassemble your battery pack. • Do not expose your batteries to fire or intense heat • Dispose of batteries in accordance with local recycling regulations. Batteries do not belong in your trashcan! Prolonging the life of your battery • • • Only charge batteries in normal room temperatures. When charging a battery attached to the radio, turn the radio off for a faster charge. Do not unplug the power to the charger or remove the battery and/or radio before it's finished charging. 12 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP • • • • Never charge a wet battery. Batteries wear out over time. If you notice a considerably shorter operating time with your radio, please consider purchasing a new battery. Battery performance will be reduced in temperatures below freezing. When working in cold environments, keep a spare battery on you. Preferably inside your jacket or in a similar location in order to keep the battery warm. Dust can interfere with the contacts on the battery. If necessary wipe the contacts with a clean cloth to ensure proper contact with radio and charger. If your battery has become wet, remove it from the radio, wipe it dry with a towel and put it in a plastic bag with a handful of dry rice. Tie the bag up and let it sit over night. The rice will absorb any remaining moisture in the battery. This method is only effective against minor splashes (light rain for instance). A soaked radio may very well be beyond repair. Storage Partially charge your battery before long-term storage in order to prevent damage from overdischarge. While lead acid must always be kept at full charge during storage, this radio uses a lithium-based battery and should be stored at around a 40 percent charge. This level minimizes age-related capacity loss while keeping the battery in operating condition and allowing selfGMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 13 discharge. To avoid severe capacity degradation of your battery while in long-term storage, please cycle the battery at least every six (6) months. Store your batteries in a cool and dry place, never above normal room temperatures. 14 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Chapter 2. - Getting to know your radio Figure 2.1. BTECH GMRS-V1, overview GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 15 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Antenna, see the section called “Assembly” for details. Two-line LCD Keypad Power / Volume knob, usage discussed in the section called “Power and volume”. LED flashlight - See the section called “Side key 2 - MONI (Monitor and Flashlight)” for more information. Speaker Microphone Battery release latch PTT A key, usage discussed in the section called “Dual Push-to-Talk”. PTT B key, usage discussed in the section called “Dual Push-to-Talk”. Side Key 1 / [F] Side Key 2 / [M] Strap Buckle Accessory jack Status LEDs 16 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP The main display Figure 2.2. BTECH GMRS-V1, display The transceiver is fitted with a seven character by two line dot matrix alphanumeric LCD, with auxiliary icons for miscellaneous features. Table 2.1. LCD icon summary Icon 188 Description Memory channel 25, 75 Least significant modifiers. Icon Description Repeater Reverse enabled Narrowband enabled CT CTCSS enabled Battery level indicator DCS DCS enabled Keypad lock enabled +, S Repeater Offset Enabled Dual watch enabled VOX VOX enabled Low Power Enabled When not displayed, high power is active Indicates active band or channel Squelch Open/ Close Indicator GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 17 Even though it is a seven character by two-line display, channel memories are only configurable to six character names. Battery Level Indicator When the battery level indicator reads the battery is depleted. At this point the radio will start beeping periodically as well as flash the backlight of the display and when voice prompts are enabled, a "Low Voltage" announcement will be heard, indicating that you need to change your battery or put your radio in the charger. To get an Accurate Voltage reading you Press and Hold button (for about 2 seconds), the display will show the current voltage capacity of the battery Status LED The status LED has a very simple and traditional design. When you receive a signal it turns green, when you transmit it turns red, and it's off in standby. Side key 1 / [F] Press [F] momentarily to start the broadcast FM receiver. Another momentary press turns the broadcast FM receiver off. If a signal is received on the active frequency or channel while you are listening to the broadcast FM, the receiver will open squelch to that frequency (as if 18 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP scanning) and remain there until the signal goes away; it will then switch back to broadcast FM. Press and hold [F] to activate the alarm function. Press [F] (a short press) again to turn it off. To send out a tone (more details in the section called “Tone-burst”.) Press the [F] key while holding down the PTT. Side key 2 / [M] Press [M] momentarily to turn on the LED flashlight. Another momentary press will flash the LED. Another momentary press turns the flashlight off. Press and hold [M] to monitor the signal. This will open up the squelch so you can listen to the unfiltered signal. VFO / MR – How to Switch To switch your radio to Frequency (VFO) mode; you turn the radio OFF, then Press and Hold button while powering ON. To save frequencies to channel memory you must be in Frequency (VFO) mode. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 19 Dual Push-To-Talk The GMRS-V1 includes a Dual PTT Key/ Rocker Switch. You can communicate with other parties effortlessly by pressing the PTT rocker key upwards to transmit on Channel A (the upper display), or by pressing the PTT rocker key downwards to transmit on Channel B (the lower display). The GMRS-V1 allows syncing the rocker switch as a single push-to-talk button (refer to Menu Option ? for more details). Numeric keypad The BTECH GMRS-V1 hand-held transceiver comes standard with a full numeric keypad. Figure 2.3. BTECH GMRS-V1, keypad 20 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP The numeric keys have their secondary function printed on them (in reality it's rather menu short-cuts, more on that in Chapter 4, Working the menu system). The , and keys also serve as scan, keypad lock, and Voltage display respectively. Pound # Key In channel mode, also acts as a transmit power shift key. While in channel mode, momentarily press to change between High and Low transmit power. Do note that this is does not alter the transmit power stored to memory for that channel; it only affects the current session. Switching to another channel or another operating mode (including broadcast FM) will reset transmit power to what's stored in channel memory. Keypad Lock The BTECH GMRS-V1 features a keypad lock that locks out all keys except for the three side keys. To enable or disable the keypad lock, press and hold the key for about two seconds. You can also enable so that the radio automatically locks the keypad after ten seconds from the menu, see Chapter 5, Working the menu system Star * Key GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 21 A short momentary press of the key enables the reverse function. When listening to broadcast FM a momentary press will start the scanning. Scanning in broadcast FM will stop as soon as an active station is found, regardless of scanner resume method. To enable the scanner, press and hold the Scanning for details. key for about two seconds. See Chapter 6, Zero 0 Key The BTECH GMRS-V1 features a battery voltage meter that the current voltage of the battery on the display To see the voltage displayed, press and hold the key for about two seconds. Menu and function keys The key, used to enter the menu and confirm menu options. The and keys are used to navigate through the menu as well as select channels and step up or down in frequency (depending on operating mode). 22 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP The key is used to exit menus and cancel menu options. The key a l s o switches between A (upper) and B (lower) displays. The frequency or channel on the selected display becomes the active listening and transmit frequency or channel. When listening to broadcast FM, the bands. key switches between 65-75 MHz and 76-108 MHz For a more in-depth explanation on how to work the menu see Chapter 5, Working the menu system. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 23 Accessory jack The accessory jack on the BTECH GMRS-V1 is a Kenwood compatible two (2)-pin design. Figure 2.4. Typical 2 pin Kenwood headset configuration. • • • To attach accessories such as headsets, speaker-mics or programming cables, align the connectors and push in fully. The fit isn't always perfect on cheap or clone cables and connectors and may require a bit of force to wiggle them in completely. Make sure the radio is off before attaching any accessories. 24 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Chapter 3. - Basic Use Power and volume Before we turn the power on, make sure you have attached the battery and antenna as described in Chapter 1, Initial setup. Turning the unit on To turn the unit on, simply rotate the volume/power knob clockwise until you hear a "click". If your radio powers on correctly there should be an audible double beep after about one second and the display will show a message or flash the LCD depending on settings for about one second (see “38 PONMSG - Power On Message” in Appendix B, Menu definitions). Then it will display a frequency or channel. If the Voice prompt is enabled, the voice will announce "frequency mode" or "channel mode". GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 25 Figure 3.1. First power-on, display You can get additional information about your radio by holding down miscellaneous keys as you turn it on. Turning the unit off Turn the volume/power knob counter-clockwise until you hear a "click". The unit is now off. Adjusting the volume To turn up the volume, turn the volume/power knob clockwise. To turn the volume down, turn the volume/power knob counter-clockwise. Be careful not to turn it too far, as you may inadvertently turn your radio off. By using the monitor function, enabled from the Side key [M]; you can more easily adjust your volume by adjusting it to the un-squelched static. 26 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Making a call Press and hold the PTT button on the side of the radio body to transmit (upwards for CHANNEL A; downwards for CHANNEL B). While transmitting, speak approximately 3-5cm from the microphone. When you release the PTT your transceiver will go back to receive mode. Channel selection There are two modes of operation: Frequency Scan Only (VFO) mode, and Channel / Memory (MR) mode. For normal use, Channel (MR) mode is going to be a whole lot more practical than Frequency (VFO) mode. However, Frequency (VFO) mode is very handy for experimentation on scanning or receive-only channels. Frequency (VFO) mode is also used for programming scanner channels into memory. For details on how to program your transceiver see Chapter 11, Programming. Ultimately which mode you end up using will depend entirely on your needs. Frequency Scan Only (VFO) mode You can only listen and receive while in VFO mode. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 27 In Frequency (VFO) mode you can navigate up and down the band by using the and keys. Each press will increment or decrement your frequency according to the frequency step you've set your transceiver to. For details on how to set the frequency step on your transceiver see Chapter 5, Working the menu system and the section called “1 STEP - Frequency Step” in Appendix B, Menu definitions. You can also input frequencies directly on your numeric keypad with kilohertz accuracy. However, the radio will floor to the nearest frequency that corresponds to your frequency step, in other words, when you input frequencies with greater than 1kHz resolution (such as 145.6875 MHz in the example below), always round your input up. The following example assumes the use of a 12.5kHz frequency step. Example 3.1. Entering the frequency 145.6875 MHz 1. Turn the radio OFF, then Press and Hold the button while powering ON to switch to Frequency (VFO) mode 2. Enter on the numeric keypad, it should look something like this: Figure 3.2. Half-entered frequency input. 28 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 3. Now, for the final four digits. Note that you can only enter three decimals on the keypad, if you type 687 it wont work. So how do you get the fourth and final digit 5 in there? By rounding 145.6875 up to 145.6880 MHz, an alternative is entering 145.675, and then pressing the key once to move it up to 145.6875. Enter on the numeric keypad, if all went well the display should look something like this: Figure 3.3. Successful frequency input However, it is legal in most jurisdictions to listen. Contact your local regulatory body for further information on what laws, rules and regulations apply to your area. Channel (MR) mode The use of Channel (MR) mode is the main mode of the GMRS-V1. Here you will have access to GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 29 the preprogrammed GMRS channels, as well as modifying the privacy tones (CTCSS and DCS) and power levels of the channels. To find out more on how to program additional scanner channels see Chapter 11, Programming. If you have channels programmed with Transmit power set to Low, you can use the key to switch over to high power if you're having trouble getting through. 30 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Chapter 4. - GMRS Information and FCC Declaration GMRS Repeaters The channels that are labeled "REPT" run through repeaters that are set up for GMRS usage. Use these channels if you have permission from those that run your local repeater for GMRS channels. FCC NOTICE AND DECLARATION This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: 1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and 2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation The scanning receiver in this equipment is incapable of tuning, or readily altered, by the user to operate within the frequency bands allocated to the Domestic public Cellular Telecommunications Service in Part 22 GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 31 FCC LICENSE REQUIRED FOR GMRS OPERATION The GMRS-V1 operates on GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) frequencies, which require an FCC (Federal Communications Commission) license. You must be licensed prior to transmitting on all channels, which comprise of GMRS channels. Serious penalties could result for unlicensed use of GMRS channels, in violation of FCC rules, as stipulated in the Communications Act's Sections 501 and 502 (amended). You will be issued a call sign by the FCC, which should be used for station identification when operating the radio on GMRS channels. You should also cooperate by engaging in permissible transmissions only, avoiding channel interference with other GMRS users, and being prudent with the length of their transmission time. To obtain a license or ask questions about the license application, contact the FCC at 1-888-CALL FCC or go to the FCC's website: http://www.fcc.gov and request form 605. VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 33 Part II. Advanced topics Part two covers the more advanced topics, such as customization and programming via computer link. C HAPTER 5 W ORKING THE MENU SYSTEM C HAPTER 5 S CANNING C HAPTER 7 D UAL W ATCH C HAPTER 8 DTMF C HAPTER 9 S ELECTIVE CALLING C HAPTER 10 C USTOMIZATION C HAPTER 11 P ROGRAMMING S CANNING C HANNELS 34 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Chapter 5. - Working the menu system For a complete reference on available menu items and parameters, see Appendix B, Menu definitions. You can modify the follow information on the GMRS channels on the fly to suit your current needs: TXP (Power), CTCSS, DCS, Scan Add Basic use 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Procedure 5.1. Using the menu with arrow keys Press the key to enter the menu. Use the and keys to navigate between menu items. Once you find the desired menu item, press again to select that menu item. Use the and keys to select the desired parameter. When you've selected the parameter you want to set for a given menu item; a. To confirm your selection, press and it will save your setting and bring you back to the main menu. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 35 Using Short-cuts As shown in Appendix B, Menu Definitions, each menu item has an associated numerical value. These can be used for direct access to a menu item. The menu is also organized in such a way that the ten most common functions are on top, and as can be seen in Figure 2.3, “BTECH GMRS-V1, keypad”, these are also printed on the keypad so you don't have to remember them all. The parameters also have a number associated with them, see Appendix B, Menu definitions for details. Procedure 5.2. Using the menu with short-cuts 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Use the numerical keypad to enter the number of the menu item. 3. To enter the menu item, press the key. 4. For entering the desired parameter you have two options: a. Use the arrow keys as we did in the previous section; or b. Use the numerical keypad to enter the numerical short-cut code. 5. And just as in the previous section; a. To confirm your selection, press and it will save your setting and bring you back to the main menu. 6. All further examples and procedures in this manual will use the numerical menu shortcuts. 36 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Chapter 6. - Scanning The BTECH GMRS-V1 features a built in scanner for the VHF and UHF bands. When in Frequency Scanning (VFO) mode it will scan in steps according to your set frequency step. In Channel (MR) mode it will scan your channels, at approximately three frequencies per second. Dual Watch is inhibited while scanning To enable the scanner, press and hold the scanning mode. key for about two seconds. Press any key to exit Scanning modes The scanner is configurable to one of three ways of operation: Time, carrier or search, each of which is explained in further details in their respective section below. Procedure 6.1. Setting scanner mode 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to scanner mode. 3. Press the key to select. 4. Use the and keys to select scanning mode. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 37 5. Press the 6. Press the key to confirm and save. key to exit the menu. Time operation In Time Operation (TO) mode, the scanner stops when it detects a signal, and after a factory preset time out, it resumes scanning. Carrier operation In Carrier Operation (CO) mode, the scanner stops when it detects a signal, and after a factory preset time with no signal it resumes scanning. Search operation In Search Operation (SE) mode, the scanner stops when it detects a signal. To resume scanning you must press and hold the key again. SKIP Scanning Channels You can configure channels to be added or removed from the scanning list on the fly. Procedure 6.2. Setting scanner channels 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to scanning add mode. 38 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 3. Press the key to select. 4. Use the and keys to select if the channel will be added or removed from the scanning list. The change will apply to the current channel selected 5. Press the key to confirm and save. 6. Press the key to exit the menu. Channels that are in the scanning be indicated on the LCD display. Under the Memory Channel number a small icon box will appear if it is in the scanning list. No icon under the memory channel will be present if the channel is skipped during scanning. Tone Scanning Scanning for CTCSS and DCS Tones/Codes Scanning for a CTCSS tone or DCS code can be done while Frequency Mode (VFO) or Channel Mode (MR) is selected. Only when VFO mode is selected, can the detected tone/code be saved to menu 11/10. CTCSS tone and DCS code scanning mode can be accessed with or without a signal being present. The scanning process itself only occurs while a signal is being received. Not all repeaters requiring a CTCSS tone or DCS code for access will transmit one back. In GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 39 that case, the transmitter of a station that can access the repeater would need to be scanned. In other words: this would be done by listening to stations on the repeater's input frequency. Scanning for CTCSS Tone 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to Menu 11: R-CTCS 3. Press the key to select. Insure you have a tone activated (and it is not off) 4. Press the to begin CTCSS scanning A flashing "CT" will be in the left status display to indicate the radio is in CTCSS scanning mode. In this mode, whenever the radio is receiving an RF signal on the selected MR channel or VFO frequency, the lower display will cycle through the CTCSS tones as they are being tested. Once the frequency of the received CTCSS tone is determined, the "CT" indicator will stop flashing. Press the key to save the scanned tone into memory (VFO Mode Only) then press the key to exit the menu. Don't forget to set VFO menu 11 back to OFF when the CTCSS tone is no longer required. Scanning for a DCS tone 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 40 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 2. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to Menu 10: R-DCS 3. Press the key to select. Insure you have a tone activated (and it is not off) 4. Press the to begin DCS scanning A flashing "DCS" will be in the left status display to indicate the radio is in DCS scanning mode. In this mode, whenever the radio is receiving an RF signal on the selected MR channel or VFO frequency, the lower display will cycle through the DCS codes as they are being tested. Once the bits of the received DCS code are determined, the "DCS" indicator will stop flashing. Press the key to save the scanned tone into memory (VFO Mode Only) then press the key to exit the menu. Don't forget to set VFO menu 10 back to OFF when the DCS tone is no longer required. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 41 Chapter 7. - Dual Watch In certain situations, the ability to monitor two channels at once can be a valuable asset. The BTECH GMRS-V1 features Dual Watch functionality (single receiver) with the ability to lock the transmit frequency to one of the two channels it monitors. Procedure 7.1. With Dual Push-to-Talk Enabled (Default) 1. The Dual Push-to-Talk Switch is a Rocker Switch with upper and lower buttons. You can use Menu “42” (See Appendix B) to adjust audible alerts for Received Transmissions. 2. To Transmit on the Upper Frequency (VFO A) – Press upwards on the Dual PTT Button 3. To Transmit on the Lower Frequency (VFO B) – Press downwards on the Dual PTT Button Procedure 7.2. With Single Push-to-Talk Enabled 1. Select the option to synchronize the push-to-talk button, than upload the new settings to the radio via software (or see Menu 33 - See Chapter 9 “Single or Dual PTT”) 2. Press the key to select between the upper (VFO A) or lower (VFO B) frequency. 3. An arrow will display ( ) next to the frequency that you have selected as your default transmitting channel. 42 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 4. Press the Push-to-Talk (either direction) to transmit on the selected frequency GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 43 Chapter 8. - DTMF DTMF is an in-band signaling method using dual sinusoidal signals for any given code. Originally developed for telephony systems, it has proved a very versatile tool in many other areas. In two-way radio systems, DTMF is most commonly used for automation systems and remote control. A common example would be in amateur radio repeaters where some repeaters are activated by sending out a DTMF sequence (usually a simple single-digit sequence). Table 8.1. DTMF frequencies and corresponding codes 1209 Hz 1336 Hz 1477 Hz 1633 Hz 697 Hz A- 770 Hz B- 852 Hz C- 941 Hz D- The BTECH GMRS-V1 has a full implementation of DTMF, including the A, B, C and D codes. The numerical keys, as well as the , and , keys correspond to the matching DTMF codes as 44 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP you would expect. The A, B, C and D codes are located in the respectively (†). and keys To send DTMF codes, press the key(s) corresponding to the message you want to send while holding down the PTT key. If you have the keypad lock enabled on your radio, you can still send DTMF tones the regular way without having to unlock your radio. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 45 Chapter 9. - Selective calling Some times when you're working with larger groups of people using the same channel, things can get very crowded, very fast. To minimize this problem, several methods of blocking out unwanted transmissions on your frequency have developed. In general, there are two forms of selective calling in two-way radio systems: Group calling, and individual calling. Group calling, as the name suggest, is a one-to-many form of communication. Every radio in your working group is configured the same way and any radio will make contact with every other radio in the group. Individual calling, some times also known as paging, is a one-to-one form of communication. Every radio is programmed with a unique ID code. And only by sending out a matching code can you get that radio to open up to your transmissions. The BTECH GMRS-V1 features three different ways of group calling: • • CTCSS DCS • Tone-burst 46 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP The BTECH GMRS-V1 does not feature any form of individual calling. Using these features does NOT mean that others won't be able to listen in on your transmissions. They only provide a method to filter out unwanted incoming transmissions. Any communications made while using these features will still be heard by anyone not employing filtering options of their own. You can change the CTCSS or DCS settings while in memory (MR) mode. CTCSS and Tone-burst are also popular to open up repeaters. CTCSS CTCSS is set with menus 11 R-CTCS and 13 T-CTCS. For a complete list of available CTCSS codes and corresponding sub-tone frequencies, see Table C.2, “CTCSS Frequencies” in Appendix C, Technical specifications. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 47 Procedure 9.1. CTCSS setup how-to 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Press the key to enter the menu. Enter on the numeric keypad to get to receiver CTCSS. Press to select. Enter desired CTCSS sub-tone frequency in hertz on the numeric keypad. Press to confirm and save. Enter on the numeric keypad to go to transmitter CTCSS. Press to select. Enter desired CTCSS sub-tone frequency in hertz on the numeric keypad. Make sure it's the same frequency as that you entered for receiver CTCSS. 9. Press to confirm and save. 10. Press to exit the menu system. To turn CTCSS off, follow the same procedure but set it to off with the selecting a CTCSS sub-tone frequency. key instead of For more information see the section called “11 R-CTCS - Receiver CTCSS” and the section called “13 T-CTCS - Transmitter CTCSS” in Appendix B, Menu definitions. 48 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP DCS DCS is set with menus 10 R-DCSand 12 T-DCS. For a complete list of available DCS codes, see Table C.1, “DCS Codes” in Appendix C, Technical specifications. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Procedure 9.2. DCS setup how-to Press the key to enter the menu. Enter on the numeric keypad to get to receiver DCS. Press to select. Enter desired DCS code on the numeric keypad. Press to confirm and save. Enter on the numeric keypad to go to transmitter DCS. Press to select. Enter desired DCS code on the numeric keypad. Make sure it's the same code as that you entered for receiver DCS. Press to confirm and save. Press to exit the menu system. To turn DCS off, follow the same procedure but set it to off with the GMRS-V1 key instead of VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 49 selecting a DCS code. For more information see the section called “10 R-DCS - Receiver DCS” and the section called “12 T-DCS - Transmitter DCS” in Appendix B, Menu definitions. Tone-burst To send out a tone-burst (selectable by MENU 40); press the [F] key while holding down the PTT. No further configuration required using this feature. You can select from 1000, 1450, 1750, or 2100Hz Tone Burst Options. These options are found on the Menu 40. Procedure 9.3. Tone Burst setup how-to 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter on the numeric keypad to get to receiver DCS. 3. Press to select. 4. Enter desired Tone Burst Option on the numeric keypad. a. 1000 HZ | 1450 HZ | 1750 HZ | 2100 HZ 5. Press to confirm and save. 6. Press to exit the menu system. 50 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP If you have the keypad lock enabled on your radio, you can still send a tone burst the regular way without having to unlock your radio. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 51 Chapter 10. - Customization The BTECH GMRS-V1 allows for customization of both the power-on message (via computer link only), and the backlight color during the three states of the transceiver (Transmit, Receive and Standby). Display The LCD on the BTECH GMRS-V1 is backlit by multi-color LEDs, the color of which can be pre-set from the menu system into a variety of colors. To change the colors, follow these steps: Procedure 10.1. Changing backlight color 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter one of the following on your numeric keypad: a. to change the standby color. b. to change the receive color. c. to change the transmit color. 3. Press 4. Use the key to select. and keys to pick the desired color. 52 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 5. Press 6. Press to confirm and save. to exit the menu. To change the time the backlight stays on for your LCD, follow these steps: Procedure 10.2. Setting backlight time-out 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to backlight time out. 3. Press key to select. 4. Use the and keys to pick the desired time-out for the display. 5. Press to confirm and save. 6. Press to exit the menu. For details see the section called “29 WT-LED - Display backlight color, Standby” and onward in Appendix B, Menu definitions. Single or Dual PTT Dual PTT Synchronization The GMRS-V1 comes with the Dual PTT key enabled, but the GMRS-V1 Menu has a Menu option that allows locking the Dual PTT Button to simulate a Single PTT and override the Dual PTT feature. By Pressing the EXIT/AB button, you can still switch the selected upper/lower display. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 53 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Procedure 10.3. Setting the Push-to-Talk Button Preference Press the key to enter the menu. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to the PTT configuration option. Press key to select. Use the and keys to pick the PTT configuration Press to confirm and save. Press to exit the menu. Display Sync Display Synchronization The GMRS-V1 allows the upper and lower display to be synched so that you can see two simultaneous items on one channel (Frequency Value and Name) by scrolling through the channels the displays will remain synched together when this is activated. Procedure 10.4. Setting the Display Synchronization Preference 1. Press the key to enter the menu. 2. Enter on your numeric keypad to come to the Sync configuration option. 3. Press key to select. 4. Use the and keys to enable or disable the display sync 5. Press to confirm and save. 6. Press to exit the menu. 54 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 7. Use Menu and to configure Display A and Display B (See Appendix B) Power-on message The power-on message can only be set via computer link, see the section called “Computer programming” for details on how to set up a link with your computer. The following instructions assume that you've already established a link using the BTECH software from a computer running Windows, and that the BTECH software is already installed and running. Procedure 10.5. Setting the power-on-message 1. Click other in the menu bar; a dialogue box titled "Other" should have popped up. 2. In the box titled "Power On Message", there are two text fields representing the two lines on your LCD. Enter the desired text in the fields. 3. Click Write to write your changes to the radio. Make sure that menu item 38 is set to MSG, otherwise your message won’t be displayed. See Chapter 5 Working the menu system for details on how to navigate the menu. Some times it takes the BTECH software more than one try to connect to your radio. If you see a dialogue box popping up stating that you have a connection failure, close the dialogue box and click read or write again. GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 55 Chapter 11. – Programming Scanning Channels The BTECH GMRS-V1 features 105 additional (128 total) memory channels that each can hold: Receive frequencies, group signaling information, bandwidth, and a six character alphanumeric identifier or channel name 1 . Manual programming To create a new scanning channel, start by switching your radio to Frequency (VFO) mode by turning the radio OFF, then Press and Hold button while powering ON. When in Frequency (VFO) mode, select your desired receive frequency using the numerical keypad. After that, use the menu system to configure the finer details of the channel you're wanting to program to memory, such as bandwidth, CTCSS or DCS and more. For more information on how to use the menu system see Chapter 5, Working the menu system and Appendix B, Menu definitions. Information regarding how to set up CTCSS and DCS can be found in Chapter 8, Selective calling. 56 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Adding Scanning Channels The following steps assume that you're in Frequency (VFO) mode and that you've entered the desired frequency to store to memory. 1. 2. 3. 4. Press the key to enter the menu. Enter on the numerical keypad to get to MEM-CH. Press to select. Use the and keys to select an empty memory channel, or enter it directly on the numerical keypad. 5. Press the key to confirm. 6. Press the key to exit the menu. Switch your radio to Memory (MR) mode by turning the radio OFF, and then Press and Hold button while powering on to test your new channel. If you would like to name your channel you will need to do that from a computer. More on that in the section called “Computer programming”. Computer programming The Radio kit does not include a programming cable. To attain a PC cable please visit GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 57 https://BAOFENGTECH.com/pccable Download programming software at https://BAOFENGTECH.com and find helpful guides at http://miklor.com for more information on using the software 58 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Appendix A. - Troubleshooting Symptom The radio doesn't start. The battery dies quickly The LED indicates reception, but the speaker is silent. Possible Cause The battery is too low. The battery isn't correctly installed. The battery is dead. The battery isn't fully charged. Volume is too low. CTCSS or DCS enabled Others can't hear my transmission. Their CTCSS or DCS settings don’t match yours. You're too far apart. The radio transmits without touching the PTT. The VOX is enabled. VOX sensitivity is too high. GMRS-V1 Solution Change or recharge the battery. Remove the battery and reinstall it. Purchase a new battery. Recharge the battery. Turn up the volume. Change your CTCSS or DCS to match those you're trying to communicate with. Turn CTCSS or DCS off. Change your CTCSS or DCS settings to match your peers. Move in closer. Turn VOX off. Turn down VOX sensitivity. VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 59 Appendix B. - Menu definitions See Chapter 5, Working the menu system for more info about using the menu-system. Menu Name - Full Name Settings [Keypad Shortcut] [0 - 9] Setting the squelch to 0 will open up the squelch entirely. SQL - Squelch Level STEP - Frequency Step 2.5K | 5.0K | 6.25K | 10.0K | 12.5K | 20.0K | 25.0K | 50.0K TXP - Transmit Power HIGH  | | LOW  Description Mutes the speaker of the transceiver in the absence of a strong signal. Squelch is either OFF or one of 9 levels. The higher the level, the stronger the signal must be to un-mute the speaker. Selects the amount of frequency change in VFO/Frequency mode when scanning or pressing the or keys. Selects between HIGH and LOW transmitter power when in VFO/Frequency mode. Use the minimum transmitter power necessary to carry out the desired communications. 60 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Selects the ratio of sleep cycles to awake cycles (1:1, 2:1, 3:1, 4:1). The higher the number the longer the battery lasts. When OFF  | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 enabled, a word or two might be missed when the frequency being monitored becomes active. When enabled it is not necessary to push OFF  | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | the [PTT] button on the transceiver. Adjust 8 | 9 | 10 the gain level to an appropriate sensitivity to allow smooth transmission. SAVE - Battery Save VOX - Voice Operated TX WN - Wideband / Narrowband ABR - Display OFF  | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | Illumination Time 8 | 9 | 10 Time-out for the LCD backlight. (In seconds) Monitor [A] and [B] at the same time. The display with the most recent activity ([A] or [B]) becomes the selected display. TDR - Dual Watch, Dual Reception When TDR is set to ON, an 'S' is indicated in the status display --- The selected display can be forced back to [A] or [B] using menu 34 --- TDR should be set to OFF when manually programming --- TDR is inhibited while scanning is in operation WIDE  | NARR  OFF  | ON  GMRS-V1 Wideband (25 kHz bandwidth) or narrowband (12.5 kHz bandwidth). VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 61 BEEP - Keypad Beep TOT Transmission Time-out-Timer 10 R-DCS - Receiver DCS OFF  | ON  Allows audible confirmation of a key press This feature provides a safety switch, which limits transmission time to a in 15 second steps programmed value. This will promote 15, 30, 45, … 600 battery conservation by not allowing you to make excessively long transmissions, The red TX LED begins to flash 10 and in the event of a stuck PTT switch seconds before the timeout limit (perhaps if the radio or a Speaker/Mic is is reached wedged between car seats) it can prevent interference to other users as well as battery depletion. Mutes the speaker of the transceiver in the absence of a specific low level digital OFF  | see DCS Table in signal. If the station you are listening to Appendix C does not transmit this specific signal, you will not hear anything. 62 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 11 R-CTCS - Receiver CTCSS OFF  | see CTCSS Table in Appendix C 12 T-DCS Transmitter DCS OFF  | see DCS Table in Appendix C 13 T-CTCS Transmitter CTCSS OFF  | see CTCSS Table in Appendix C 14 VOICE - Voice Prompt OFF  | ENG  | CHI  15 ANI-ID Automatic Number ID Mutes the speaker of the transceiver in the absence of a specific and continuous sub- audible signal. If the station you are listening to does not transmit this specific and continuous signal, you will not hear anything. Transmits a specific low-level digital signal to unlock the squelch of a distant receiver (usually a repeater). Transmits a specific and continuous subaudible signal to unlock the squelch of a distant receiver (usually a repeater). Allows audible voice confirmation of a key press Displays the ANI code that has been set by software. This menu cannot be used to change it. The ANI-ID is sent when the alarm is activated and menu 32 = CODE GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 63 16 17 18 OFF : No DTMF Side Tones are heard DT-ST : Side Tones are heard only from manually keyed DTMF DTMFST – DTMFDetermines when DTMF Side Tones can be codes Side Tone of heard from the transceiver speaker. ANI-ST : Side Tones are heard transmit code only from automatically keyed DTMF codes DT+ANI : All DTMF Side Tones are heard 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | Selects 1 of 15 DTMF codes. The DTMF S-CODE - Signal 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | codes are programmed with software and Code 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | are up to 5 digits each. 15 TO : Time Operation - scanning will resume after a fixed time has passed SC-REV - Scanner CO : Carrier Operation Scanning Resume Method Resume Method scanning will resume after the signal disappears SE : Search Operation scanning will not resume 64 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 19 OFF : No ID is sent BOT : The selected S-CODE is When to Send PTT-ID sent at the beginning PTT-ID - When to EOT : The selected S-CODE is send the PTT-ID Codes are sent during either the beginning sent at the ending or ending of a transmission. BOTH : The selected S-CODE is sent at the beginning and ending 20 21 PTT-LT - Signal code sending delay 0 - 50ms MDF-A - Channel Mode A Display CH : Displays the channel number NAME : Displays the channel name. FREQ : Displays programmed Frequency GMRS-V1 PTT-ID Delay (milliseconds) [A] MR/Channel Mode Display Format Note: Names must be entered using software. VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 65 22 MDF-B - Channel Mode B Display CH : Displays the channel number NAME : Displays the channel name. FREQ : Displays programmed Frequency 23 BCL - Busy Channel Lock-out OFF  | ON  24 SYNC – Display Sync OFF  | ON  25 OFF : TX = RX (simplex) + : TX will be shifted higher in SFT-D - Frequency frequency than RX Shift Direction - : TX will be shifted lower in frequency than RX [B] MR/Channel Mode Display Format Note: Names must be entered using software. Disables the [PTT] button on a channel that is already in use. The transceiver will sound a beep tone and will not transmit if the [PTT] button is pressed when a channel is already in use. Display A and B are synced. This allows the upper display to show channel Name while the lower shows the Frequency. (Use with MENU 21 and 22) UNUSED SETTING in GMRS-V1 Enables access of repeaters in VFO/Frequency Mode 66 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 26 OFFSET Frequency shift amount 00.000 - 69.990 in 10 kHz steps 27 MEM-CH - Store a Memory Channel 023 - 127 28 DEL-CH - Delete a memory channel 023 - 127 29 30 31 WT-LED - Display OFF  | BLUE  | ORANGE  | backlight color, PURPLE  Standby RX-LED - Display OFF  | BLUE  | ORANGE  | backlight colorPURPLE  Receive TX-LED - Display OFF  | BLUE  | ORANGE  | backlight colorPURPLE  Transmit GMRS-V1 UNUSED SETTING in GMRS-V1 Specifies the difference between the TX and RX frequencies This menu is used to either create new or modify existing channels (0 through 127) so that they can be accessed from MR/Channel Mode. This menu is used to delete the programmed information from the specified channel (0 through 127) so that it can either be programmed again or be left empty. Default: PURPLE Default: BLUE Default: ORANGE VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 67 32 33 34 35 SITE: Sounds alarm through your SITE: Sounds alarm through your radio radio speaker only speaker only TONE: Transmits a cycling tone TONE: Transmits a cycling tone over-theAL-MOD - Alarm over-the-air air Mode CODE: Transmits 119 followed by CODE: Transmits '119' (911 in reverse?) the ANI code over-the-air followed by the ANI code over-the-air OFF: Alarm is Disabled OFF: Disabled UNUSED SETTING in GMRS-V1 BAND - Band VHF  | UHF  In VFO/Frequency mode, sets [A] or [B] to Selection the VHF or UHF band. UNUSED SETTING in GMRS-V1 TDR-AB - Transmit When enabled, priority is returned to OFF  | A  | B  selection while in selected display once the signal in the Dual Watch mode other display disappears. This function is used eliminate squelch tail noise between BTECH handhelds that are STE - Squelch Tail communicating directly (no repeater). OFF  | ON  Elimination Reception of a 55 Hz or 134.4 Hz mutes the audio long enough to prevent hearing any squelch tail noise. 68 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 36 RP-STE - Squelch Tail Elimination OFF  | 1 - 10 This function is used eliminate squelch tail noise when communicating through a repeater. 37 RPT-RL - Delay the squelch tail of repeater OFF  | 1 - 10 Delay the Tail Tone of Repeater (X100 milliseconds) 38 39 40 FULL : Performs an LCD screen PONMSG - Power Controls the behavior of the display when test at power-on On Message the transceiver is turned on. MSG : Displays a 2-line poweron message Sends an end-of-transmission tone to ROGER - Roger indicate to other stations that the OFF  | ON  Beep transmission has ended. R-TONE – Repeater Tone 1000 HZ  | 1450 HZ  | 1750 HZ  |2100 HZ  GMRS-V1 The R-TONE frequency is transmitted by pressing the [F] side key while the [PTT] button is also pressed. A common tone burst frequency used by many amateur radio systems in Europe is 1,750 Hz VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 69 41 SC-ADD – Scan Add OFF  | ON  42 A/B-BP OFF  / A / B 43 RESET - Restore defaults VFO  | ALL  - ON Adds the current channel to the scan list - OFF Removes the current channel from the scan list Tone at End of Reception - Receiver tone prior to squelch closing. - An audible indication of which display was in use. Resets the radio to factory defaults 70 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Appendix C. - Technical specifications General General specifications Specification Frequency Range (MHz) Value 65-108 (Rx only for FM radio) 136-174 (Rx) 400-520 (Rx) GMRS Channels (Rx/Tx) (Channels 000-022) Memory channels Frequency stability Frequency step (kHz) Antenna impedance Operating temperature Supply voltage Consumption 128 2.5ppm 2.5K/5.0K/6.25K/10.0K/12.5K/20.0K/25.0K/50.0K 50 Ohm -20°C to +60°C 7.4 ≤ 75mA (standby) 380mA (reception) ≤ 1.4A (transmission) Mode of operation Simplex or semi-duplex Duty cycle 03 / 03 / 54 min. (Rx / Tx / Standby) GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 71 Dimensions (mm) 58 x 110 x 32 Weight (g) 214 Transmitter Transmitter specifications Specification RF power (W) Type of modulation Emission class Maximum deviation (kHz) Value 5 (UHF high) 1 (UHF low) FM 16F3E (w ideband) 11K#F3E (narrowband) 5.0 ≤ ± 2.5 (narrowband) Spurious emissions (dB) <-60dB 72 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP Receiver Receiver specifications Value 0.2µV (at 12dB SINAD) 60dB 1000mW 65/60dB Specification Receiver sensitivity Intermodulation Audio Output Adjacent channel selectivity DCS table Table C.1. DCS Codes Number 001 005 009 013 017 021 025 029 Code D023N D032N D051N D071N D114N D125N D143N D156N Number 002 006 010 014 018 022 026 030 Code D025N D036N D053N D072N D115N D131N D145N D162N Number 003 007 011 015 019 023 027 031 GMRS-V1 Code D026N D043N D054N D073N D116N D132N D152N D165N Number 004 008 012 016 020 024 028 032 Code D031N D047N D065N D074N D122N D134N D155N D172N VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 73 Number 033 037 041 045 049 053 057 061 065 069 073 077 081 085 089 091 094 097 101 105 Code D174N D225N D245N D255N D266N D311N D332N D356N D411N D431N D452N D464N D506N D532N D612N D627N D645N D664N D731N D754N Number 034 038 042 046 050 054 058 062 066 070 074 078 082 086 090 092 095 098 102 106 D023I Code D205N D226N D246N D261N D271N D315N D343N D364N D412N D432N D454N D465N D516N D546N D624N D631N D654N D703N D732N D023I Number 035 039 043 047 051 055 059 063 067 071 075 079 083 087 091 093 096 099 103 107 Code D212N D243N D251N D263N D274N D325N D346N D365N D413N D445N D455N D466N D523N D565N D627N D632N D662N D718N D734N D025I Number 036 040 044 048 052 056 060 064 068 072 076 080 084 088 092 094 094 100 104 108 Code D223N D244N D252N D265N D306N D331N D351N D371N D423N D446N D462N D503N D526N D606N D631N D645N D645N D723N D743N D026I 74 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 109 113 117 121 125 129 133 *137 D243I D263I D331I D371I D446I D503I D606I D662I D743I D031I D047I D065I D074I D122I D134I D155I D172I D244I D266I D332I D411I D452I D506I D612I D664I D754I 110 114 118 122 126 130 134 D174I D245I D271I D343I D412I D454I D516I D624I D703I D032I D051I D071I D114I D125I D143I D156I D205I D246I D274I D346I D413I D455I D523I D627I D712I 111 115 119 123 127 131 135 D212I D251I D306I D351I D423I D462I D526I D631I D723I D036I D053I D072I D115I D131I D145I D162I D223I D252I D311I D356I D431I D464I D532I D632I D731I 112 116 120 124 128 132 136 D225I D255I D315I D364I D432I D465I D546I D645I D732I D043I D054I D073I D116I D132I D152I D165I D226I D261I D325I D365I D445I D466I D565I D654I D734I *After DCS Number Shortcut 137, in order to navigate through the subsequent codes manually key in shortcut 137 and then use the arrow keys to navigate to the DCS tone required GMRS-V1 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP 75 CTCSS table Table C.2. CTCSS Frequencies Number Frequency Number Frequency Number Frequency Number Frequency 01 67.0 02 69.3 03 71.9 04 74.4 05 77.0 06 79.7 07 82.5 08 85.4 09 88.5 10 91.5 11 94.8 12 97.4 13 100.0 14 103.5 15 107.2 16 110.9 17 114.8 18 118.8 19 123 20 127.3 21 131.8 22 136.5 23 141.3 24 146.2 25 151.4 26 156.7 27 159.8 28 162.2 29 165.5 30 167.9 31 171.3 32 173.8 33 177.8 34 179.9 35 183.5 36 186.2 37 189.9 38 192.8 39 196.6 40 199.5 41 203.5 42 206.5 43 210.7 44 218.1 45 225.7 46 229.1 47 233.6 48 241.8 49 250.3 50 254.1 76 VISIT BAOFENGTECH.COM AND MIKLOR.COM FOR DOWNLOADS AND HELP GMRS-V1 Any Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. Modification of a scanning receiver to receive transmissions from Cellular Radiotelephone Service frequency bands will be considered to constitute manufacture of such equipment. This includes any individual, individuals, entity or organization that modifies one or more scanners. Any modification to a scanning receiver to receive transmissions from the Cellular Radiotelephone Service frequency bands voids the certification of the scanning receiver, regardless of the date of manufacture of the original unit. In addition, the provisions of FCC §15.23 shall not be interpreted as permitting modification of a scanning receiver to receiver Cellular Radiotelephone Service transmissions.
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